- U.S. History since the Civil War
- Modern Japan
- Modern China
- Ph.D., University of Virginia, 1970
U.S.-Japanese relations, (early Meiji [late 19th century])
U.S. diplomatic history
Spoilsmen in a “Flowery Fairyland”: The Development of the U.S. Legation in Japan, 1859-1906.Kent: Kent State University Press, 1998.
“In Defense of Yalta: Edward R. Stettinius’s Roosevelt and the Russians,” Vol. 100 (July 1992) Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 429-454.
“John Watson Foster: “A Pacifist After a Fashion,” Indiana Magazine of History LXXXIV (June 1988), 117-133.
“American Attempts to Prevent a War Over ‘Vietnam’: The Experience of John Russell Young, 1882-1885,” The Historian XXXVIII (February 1976), 253-268